About 200,000 species of viruses have been discovered by researchers in the world’s oceans in a new study.
The findings of the study, conducted by researchers at Ohio State University, is considered to be extremely important as in earlier studies, only about 15,000 virus species were discovered in the depth of ocean. The researchers believe that this astonishing finding might help the humans to gain further information about how life evolved on Earth. They also expect that the study will help learn more details related to the possible impacts of the ongoing climate change worldwide.
The researchers reached to such a conclusion after they evaluated the water samples they gathered between the years 2009 and 2013 via a sailboat named Tara, which carried out explorations in the oceans for several years. They found that that the viruses are spilt in five different ecological zones- three different depths of the Tropical and Temperate regions and all the depths of the Antarctic and Arctic oceans. Interestingly, the researchers also discovered a new hotspot of biodiversity in the Arctic Ocean which indicates that the oceans are a far more mysterious world which requires further exploration.
The findings of the study appear in the journal Cell.