Evo Morales presented his resignation as president of Bolivia this Sunday, after the Armed Forces asked him to leave his post before the increase in demonstrations and dissatisfaction with an apparent fraud in the elections of last October 20, where Morales was re-elected as Head of State for a fourth term.
Two years a referendum was held with the intention of revoking his mandate, but he was imposed on it with 67% approval.
In 2009 he was re-elected as president with 60% of the vote, making it clear that his approval was increasing, and with that same percentage, he was reelected once again in 2015.
On October 20, new elections were held amid great controversy, as a previous citizen consultation indicated that a large part of the population was against Evo running again for the presidency of Bolivia.
To win the election again, Evo needed to exceed 50% of the vote, or exceed 40% and be ten points above his closest competitor.
Near the conclusion of the quick count, Evo had 45% and Carlos Mesa registered 38% of the preference, so although Morales had an advantage, a second electoral round would be necessary.
However, that count was suspended and the results were delayed for reasons that made people think that the scenario of electoral fraud was being prepared.
The results that were announced later by the Plurinational Electoral Body announced Evo’s victory, which was later confirmed by the Supreme Electoral Tribunal.
According to the final information, Morales obtained 47% of the votes against 36% of Mesa.
Social unrest broke out and people took to the streets to complain about what they considered a shameless electoral fraud.
Days later, the Organization of American States (OAS) reported that there were many irregularities in the election and considered it “highly unlikely” that Evo won the presidency in the first electoral round, after a thorough audit.
Faced with this situation, the president called for new elections to “lower the tension”, but the Armed Forces considered this action insufficient to calm social unrest.
“The coup d’etat has been consummated,” said Vice President Álvaro García Linera, who also announced his resignation along with Evo Morales.
As soon as the resignation of the president of Bolivia was made public, the people began to celebrate in the streets.
According to what the Constitution of Bolivia marks, Adriana Salvatierra Arriaza, president of the Senate, would be the person who would remain the state’s fraternity after the resignation of Evo Morales, but she also resigned – for now, verbally – together with the president and vice president.
Therefore, Senator Jeanine Áñez Chávez would be the person who would remain in charge of the State, since she would plunge the presidency of the Senate, at least while new elections are announced or another procedure is determined to elect a new president.
— La Razón Digital (@LaRazon_Bolivia) November 10, 2019